Simple port scanner script error

Hi everyone,

I am new to Python and programming. I am trying to code a simple script to scan for open ports.

Here is my code

import socket
ip = int(input("Please enter an ip address "))
file = open(‘ports.txt’, ‘r’)
port_list =

for line in file:
line_strip = line.strip()
line_split = line_strip.split()


port_list_final =
for i in port_list:
for j in i:

for port in port_list_final:
s = socket.socket(socket.AF_INET, socket.SOCK_STREAM) # s = socket.socket(socket.AF_INET, socket.SOCK_STREAM)
result = s.connect_ex((ip, port))

if result == 0:
    print('Port', port, 'open')
    print('Port', port, 'closed')

I am getting the below error

Traceback (most recent call last):
File “C:\Users\crasto\PycharmProjects\pythonProject5\”, line 2, in
ip = int(input("Please enter an ip address "))
ValueError: invalid literal for int() with base 10: ‘’

Any idea how to fix this?

Many thanks in advance to anyone who is willing to help.


Here you read a string and you try to convert it to an integer:

As the error message ValueError: invalid literal for int() with base 10: ‘’ suggests, the string cannot be converted to an integer. The solution is to simply remove the converison (int()).

Conversion of an IP address to an unsigned 32-bit integer (in fact the native format of IP address) is certainly possible but it is not so simple as just calling the built-in int(). Anyway socket.connect_ex() probably does not accept an integer as an IP address.

1 Like

Hi thanks so much for your reply.
I tried to just enter the ip address as a string and then I get this error instead

Traceback (most recent call last):
File “C:\Users\crasto\PycharmProjects\pythonProject5\”, line 23, in
result = s.connect_ex((ip, port))
TypeError: an integer is required (got type str)

It’s actually requiring a int? This is so weird

I don’t know if this is the best way, but this should work for you:

import ipaddress
ip = int(ipaddress.ip_address(''))
1 Like

OK, now I see why you tried to convert the IP address. Unfortunately the error message fails to say which argument is str instead of the required int. As I checked your code, it is the port number - the second item in the tuple (ip, port).

You can try to check the documentation though I admit that it could be difficult for beginners as it is not as user-friendly as it could be:

  • socket. connect_ex (address ) — points you to connect(address) without a link :frowning:
  • socket. connect (address ) — points you to “address family — see above” again without a link :frowning:
  • You have to find out that the mentioned “address families” you will find in Socket families :frowning:
  • There you have to find AF_INET (and know that you have to look for AF_INET) :frowning:
  • Another confusing part could be referring to a tuple as pair: "pair (host, port)" :frowning:

Possible solution

It is very hard to read your code because you pasted it as markdown. Please enclose the code parts between triple backticks:

``` python
# your code here

You should convert your port numbers from strings probably in your second for loop. It looks like your ports.txt can contain multiple values on a line and you split them in the second loop.

Alternatively you can convert the type directly in the command with the method call:

result = s.connect_ex((ip, int(port)))
1 Like

Yeah you’re right it’s a bit tricky as I’m a beginner. The whole ‘family’ bit I don’t really understand it. But the possible solution is pretty clear I’m going to try that.

Thanks so very much for your help it’s much appreciated.

Oh and next time I’ll make sure I’ll paste my code the way you suggested. :slight_smile:


There’s a fairly good tutorial on the topic here…


I’ll check it out. Thanks very much for the info.


Hi thanks for the suggestion will give that a go too. I wouldn’t have thought it would so tricky :slight_smile:


By Dave via Discussions on at 16Jun2022 13:17:

The whole ‘family’ bit I don’t really understand it.

A “socket” is a generic thing for sending and receiving data. The
“family” is an indication of what domain this new socket it to work in.
You’re working with internet sockets. You can also use AF_UNIX to get
a “UNIX domain socket”, which is an entirely local thing which lives in
your local filesystem, for communicating between local processes without
using the internet at all.

You’re using IP addresses, so you want to use the AF_INET family.

Cameron Simpson

1 Like

Oh ok that’s starting to make sense now. Thanks so much for the info.

Everyone around here is so supportive. Really appreciate it.


Hi Steven,

I tried what you suggested and I get this error now

Traceback (most recent call last):
File “C:\Users\crasto\PycharmProjects\pythonProject5\”, line 25, in
result = s.connect_ex((ip, port))
TypeError: str, bytes or bytearray expected, not int


It’s working! I am so happy - I converted port to int within the command line - result = s.connect_ex((ip, int(port)))

Thanks so very much.

Everyone is very helpful! You guys are awesome!


1 Like