 # Symbolic algebra based deduction for the permutation and combination formulae

It’s well known that there are so many formulae in the field of permutation and combination, as described on the following websites:

I want to know if there are convenient methods for me to validate/derive/deduce them with python.

Regards,
HY

Hi Hongyi,

for finite stuff you might use itertools.permutations alike this:

``````from itertools import permutations
from sympy     import symbols
from sympy     import simplify
from operator  import add, mul

a,b,c = symbols("a,b,c")
term1 = reduce(mul, reduce(add, (permutations([a,b,c]))))
term2 = reduce(mul, reduce(add, (permutations([c,b,a]))))

simplify(term1 - term2) == 0
``````

which returns True.

Cheers, Dominik

The following line should be added to the package/module import part for your above example:

`from functools import reduce`

Seems to be one of those ridiculously unnecessary incompatibilities between Python 2.7 and Python 3 - in Python 2.7 “reduce” is a built-in:

2. Built-in Functions — Python 2.7.18 documentation