If I wanted to sanitize some user input, is there a more concise way to do that, rather than what I’ve got here, in this simple example?

print("Please enter two numbers at the inputs:")
error = 1
while error:
try:
n1 = int(input("1st Number: "))
error = 0
except ValueError:
print("That was not a number")
error = 1
while error:
try:
n2 = int(input("2nd Number: "))
error = 0
except ValueError:
print("That was not a number")
print(f"n1 + n2 = {n1+n2}")

Using your current code, you can do it slightly shorter using break, bypassing the need to have loop variables.

print("Please enter two numbers at the inputs:")
while True:
try:
n1 = int(input("1st Number: "))
break
except ValueError:
print("That was not a number")
while True:
try:
n2 = int(input("2nd Number: "))
break
except ValueError:
print("That was not a number")
print(f"n1 + n2 = {n1+n2}")

As you mentioned in your edit, using a function would be an even better way to proceed.

def get_number(prompt):
while True:
try:
return int(input(prompt))
except ValueError:
print("That was not a number")
n1 = get_number("1st Number: ")
n2 = get_number("2nd Number: ")
print(f"{n1 + n2 = }") # shorter version for Python 3.8+

Note that “2.3” is a number but not an integer. So you might want to ask for “whole numbers” or “integers” instead of simply “numbers”.

I like the use of prompt in the function; I’d not considered that. In fact, your function construct, is much better than the one I had in mind – very nice.
+1