Convert python file to exe on mac

How to convert python file to executable file on Mac machine?

Three possibly answers occur to me:

  • you just want your Python script to be executable as a command

MacOS is a UNIX platform; these instructions work for any UNIX or POSIX
platform (MacOS, Linux, the various other UNIXen).

Just make your script an executable file:

Make the first line of the script be “#!/usr/bin/env python3”. This
tells the OS how to invoke the script i.e. via the python3 interpreter.

Make the script readable and executable:

# give yourself read+execute
chmod +rx your_script

This makes the script executable as a command (the “x” permission) and
readable (the “r” permission, required for Python to run it). If other
people are also expected to execute the script:

# give all users read+execute
chmod a+rx your_script

If the script is to be not just executable, but useable as an ordinary
command, put it in a directory named in your $PATH variable. You can see
this with:

echo $PATH

Common practice for personal commands is to make a personal directory
$HOME/bin:

mkdir $HOME/bin

Put the script in there. Ensure that directory is also in your $PATH:

export PATH=$PATH:$HOME/bin

Put that command in your $HOME/.profile file if you always want it -
that should be run when you log in.

  • you want to make a Mac “application”

This requires use of a tool like py2app. You’ll almost certainly need
XCode as well (the MacOS compiler suite).

  • you actually want a Windows .exe file

The application bundling tools I’m aware of for that need to run on
Windows because they need the Windows compiler suite.

Cheers,
Cameron Simpson cs@cskk.id.au