Help with f" formatting

 hi there am asking for help here:
the code below should inform me of how many items i have in my items list, 
however it jams my code up: please assist me understand how to code it right: 
i actually don't want to use the .format() and with len() method to achieve the results.

found in line 8: print(f"You now have {item}.len(shopping_list))"& " item(s) on you list!")

 def add_to_list(item): 
     item = item.capitalize()
     if item not in shopping_list:
         print(f"{item} was added to your shopping list!")
         print(f"You now have {item}.len(shopping_list))"& " item(s) on you list!")
         print(f"You already have {item} in your list, can't add this again!")

I have no idea what you think the & should do. It is for bitwise and between ints. In any case, you just need to correct the field expression and move the end-field marker } to enclose the entire field expression.

print(f"You now have {len(shopping_list)} item(s) on you list!")

Terry thanks a lot. it solve the issue.

Maybe you’ve figured this, maybe not…

You could add a little 'finesses" with:

if len(shopping_list) < 2:
    print(f"You now have {len(shopping_list)} item on you list!")
    print(f"You now have {len(shopping_list)} items on you list!")

I would reject the duplication in a PR code review. ‘Finesse’ would be something like

num = len(shopping_list)
f"You now have {num} item{'s' if num != 1 else ''} on you list!"


I was meaning a little ‘finesses’ with the displayed message, rather than with the coding of said.

Have a great day!

As long as we are nitpicking… surely the message should say your list rather than you list?

hi Terry and Rob, thank you guys, i have now had time to read through your help codes you gave.
in fact i have learned more again this morning.

it is great pleasure to have you guys dedicate to helping people like us here. i wont let you guys down :grinning: i will extra hard to really get there.

i appreciated the codes a lot, they made sense

1 Like

I have a hard time seeing large expressions in an f-string as finesse.

I’d rather:

num = len(shopping_list)
s = 's' if num != 1 else ''
f"You now have {num} item{s} on you list!"

It just feels tidier. f’a[i]’ doesn’t bother me, but I don’t like to take it much past that. This is partly because leaning on temporary variables is just easier to understand and debug, but not solely. There’s something about f-strings in particular.